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Most Dangerous Viruses on Earth

Published On 04 Jun 2020 By Yamini Sharma

The spread of the pandemic declared novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has brought the entire world to a standstill. Since it is a new type of virus, scientists around the globe are working tirelessly to find a cure or vaccine for the deadly and highly contagious disease. However, coronavirus is not the first and only viral disease which is dangerous for human life. There are several other viral diseases which from time to time have been causing damage to human lives. The following are some of the most dangerous viruses on Earth:

1. Coronavirus

Coronavirus is a newly discovered virus, which causes coronavirus (COVID-19) disease. The most common symptoms of this virus include fever, dry cough, tiredness, sore throat, headache, difficulty in breathing, chest pain. The virus spreads primarily through discharge from the nose or droplets of saliva when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Precautions to protect yourself from the novel coronavirus

    • Wash your hands with soap for a minimum of 20 seconds or clean with an alcohol-based hand rub 
    • Avoid gathering, or going shopping or crowded places
    • Maintain a more than 6 feet distance between yourself and others
    • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
    • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or your elbow when you cough or sneeze
    • Stay home and self-isolate even if you have minor symptoms

2. Rhinovirus


Rhinovirus is a very common virus that causes sore throats, ear infections, sinuses, and a nasty cold. This virus may cause pneumonia. This infects both children and adults. Rhinovirus is easily transmitted from one person to another. It spreads through the droplets, discharged from the runny nose of an infected person when he/she coughs or sneezes. 

To stay protected from Rhinovirus, practice the following:

    • Take enough rest when having symptoms
    • Drink extra fluid
    • Maintain distance from the person who has cold
    • Make sure you wash hands often

3. Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV)


Varicella-zoster virus is a type of virus that causes fatigue, itching, oozing blisters, and chickenpox. The virus spreads from person to person by directly touching the saliva, blisters, mucus of an infected person. Besides, the virus is transmitted through the air by sneezing and coughing.

You can help prevent the spread of the virus by:

    • Practising good hygiene
    • Washing your hands frequently
    • Reducing exposure to people with chickenpox
    • Avoid contact with the person until all his blisters dry 

4. Ebola Virus


Ebola is a rare, life-threatening virus. It causes acute illness, muscle pain, fever, sore throat, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Sometimes, the virus causes bleeding inside and outside the body. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact.

To stay protected from the Ebola virus, it is advisable to:

    • Avoid areas of known outbreaks
    • Wash your hands frequently
    • Avoid adding meat to your diet
    • Stay away from infected people
    • Follow infection-control procedures suggested by your doctor

Bottom Line


These are different types of viruses that can harm your body. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms, it is good to seek a doctor immediately. Also, remember that the symptoms of viruses may vary from patient to patient. 

Also Read

Covid-19 Vaccine to Be Produced by Serum Institute

Who Should Go for Coronavirus Self Quarantine

"Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard."

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