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Understanding Insurance Policy Jargon

Published On Aug 12, 2023, Updated On Aug 24, 2023

Understanding Insurance Policy Jargon

Insurance can be confusing because of all the big words they use. In this blog, we'll break down these hard words into simple language. We'll talk about what these insurance jargons mean and why it's important to know them. Whether you own an insurance policy or just want to learn, this guide will help you better understand the tricky language of insurance.

Why Understanding Insurance Jargon is Important?

Have you ever read a book in a language you didn't understand? It's hard, isn't it? That's what reading an insurance policy can feel like if you don't know the jargon. But unlike reading a book, not understanding your insurance policy can lead to serious problems.

  • Firstly, you might not have the right coverage if you don't understand the language used in your policy. You could think you're covered for something, but you're not. This could lead to you having to pay a lot of money out of your pocket when you thought your insurance would cover it.
  • Secondly, not understanding your insurance could lead to you paying for more coverage than you need. Insurance isn't one-size-fits-all. It's designed to fit your needs. But if you don't understand the terms, you might end up with a bigger, more expensive policy than you need.

Understanding insurance jargon allows you to make smarter decisions about your coverage. You'll know exactly what you're paying for and why. This puts you in control of your insurance policy.

Understanding Insurance Policy Jargon

Common Insurance Terms and Their Meanings

Understanding insurance terms is like learning a new language. Let's dive into some common terms and what they really mean.

  • Deductible: It is the amount of money you need to pay out of your own pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in.
  • Premium: It is the amount you pay the insurance company to get your insurance policy. It's like a membership fee. You can usually choose to pay it monthly, quarterly, or yearly. 
  • Coverage: It refers to the protection that an insurance policy provides. It's what the insurance company agrees to pay for. If your homeowner's insurance has fire coverage, it means the insurance will pay to replace or repair your home if it gets damaged in a fire.
  • Claim: It is a formal request made by the policyholder to the insurance company to cover a loss. So, if a storm damages your roof and you have homeowners insurance, you file a claim with your insurance company to pay for the repairs.
  • Liability: It is about responsibility. In insurance terms, it refers to your legal responsibility to pay for damages or injuries to others. If you cause an accident, your insurance liability coverage will pay for the other car's repairs and medical expenses.
  • Underwriter: An underwriter is a person at the insurance company who decides whether they can give you an insurance policy and at what cost. They look at your risk factors. For example, if you're applying for life insurance, they'll consider your age, health, and lifestyle.
  • Exclusion: It refers to something an insurance policy will not cover. Each policy has a list of exclusions. For example, many health insurance policies exclude coverage for cosmetic surgeries since they're not considered medically necessary.

Commonly Misunderstood Terms in Insurance Policies

Some insurance terms can be tricky to fully understand even for the seasoned policyholder. Let's unravel a few that often lead to confusion.

  • "Actual Cash Value" is one. It doesn't mean the purchase price of your item but rather its current market value considering depreciation. For instance, if your 5-year-old TV gets damaged, the insurance won't pay for a brand-new one, but what your old one is worth now. Misunderstanding this can lead to unexpected out-of-pocket expenses.
  • Another confusing term is "Coinsurance." It's not two insurances but refers to the percentage of healthcare costs you're responsible for after your deductible is met. Misinterpreting this term might leave you shocked with a higher-than-expected bill.
  • Lastly, "Umbrella Insurance" is not about literal umbrellas but additional liability coverage that kicks in when your regular policy limits are exhausted. Misunderstanding this could leave you under-protected in case of severe claims.

Tips to Understand Your Insurance Policy

Taking out an insurance policy is like making an investment, and it's crucial to understand what you're investing in. Here are some tips to help you understand your insurance policy better:

  • Ask Questions: Insurance jargon can be confusing, and there's no harm in asking questions. Ask your insurance agent to explain if you're unsure about a term or clause. It's their job to help you understand your policy, so don't hesitate to clarify your doubts.
  • Read Your Policy Documents Thoroughly: While policy documents may seem daunting with their legal terms and fine print, it's crucial to read them thoroughly. It can help you understand what is covered, what isn't, and under what conditions your insurer will pay a claim.
  • Seek Professional Advice: If you find your policy hard to decipher, don't hesitate to seek professional advice. A lawyer or an independent insurance professional can help decode complex language and clarify your policy's details.
  • Compare Policies: Lastly, don't just settle for the first policy you come across. Take time to compare different policies and understand what each offers. It can help you find a policy that best fits your needs and budget.

Understanding insurance can be tough but don't worry; you've got this! Knowing what the big words mean can save you money and headaches down the line. If you're not sure about something, ask! There's no harm in that. And if you need to, get advice from a professional. Remember, knowing all about your insurance makes things easier and gives you peace of mind. So, keep learning and asking questions. You've got this!


  • 1. What is a 'deductible'? 

A deductible is the money you must pay first when something goes wrong before your insurance starts helping out. 

  • 2. What does 'premium' mean? 

The premium is just a fancy word for the cost of your insurance. It's what you pay the insurance company, usually every month, to keep your insurance going.

  • 3. What is 'coverage'? 

Coverage is all the things your insurance can help pay for. If you have health insurance, your coverage might include doctor's visits, medicine, and hospital stays.

  • 4. What does it mean to make a 'claim'? 

When you make a claim, you're asking the insurance company to help you pay for a loss. If a storm breaks your window and you have home insurance, you can file a claim to get help with the repair costs.

  • 5. What is 'liability' in insurance? 

Liability is about covering costs when you accidentally cause damage or harm to others. For example, if you're driving and accidentally bump into another car, causing some damage, your liability insurance would help cover the repair costs for the other person's car.


This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.
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