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What is 1st party, 2nd party, and 3rd party in bike insurance?

Updated On Oct 16, 2023

What is 1st party, 2nd party, and 3rd party in bike insurance?

To get the best policy for your bike, buying bike insurance involves sufficient study, planning, and comprehension of the different terms involved. But first, you need to learn a few key phrases associated with bike insurance before you choose the best form for your vehicle. When talking about bike insurance, you should be able to use the terms first-, second-, and third-party vehicle insurance. These words should be better understood because they will explain the motorcycle insurance coverage to you.

What is 1st party, 2nd party, and 3rd party in bike insurance?

What Is First-Party Bike Insurance?

 The individual who purchases the insurance is referred to as the "first party" in bike insurance. The insurance premium is paid by the first party to be qualified for benefits as well as other settlements under the bike insurance plan.

First-party bike insurance, on the other hand, is a type of insurance that offers full protection against damage to your bike. The first-party bike insurance provides protection against theft, unintentional damage, total loss, fire, and natural and man-made disasters.

Two parties are involved in this sort of bike insurance. That's the insurer and you. When you file a claim, the insurer compensates you following the policy's terms and conditions. First-party insurance is the name given to this kind of bike insurance. It is additionally known as the "Own Damage" cover.

What Is Covered in First-Party Bike Insurance?

 The following are covered in first-party bike insurance:

  1. Loss or damage to the vehicle brought on by a fire, explosion, lightning strike, or self-ignition as well as theft, break-ins, or housebreaking
  2. Riot or strike, an earthquake with fire, shock, and landslides or rock slide damage to the car.
  3. Car loss or damage is caused by natural disasters like floods, storms, typhoons, and inundations, among others. any loss or harm to the vehicle brought on by an unintentional external source;
  4. Any damage or harm to the vehicle brought on by a third party's malevolent behaviour or by terrorist activities
  5. Damage or harm to the vehicle during transportation via rail, road, inland canal, elevator, lift, or aircraft.

What Is Second-Party Bike Insurance?

In bike insurance, the phrase "second party" refers to the entity providing the insurance coverage. It's the insurance provider in this instance. The insurer, often known as the second party, is obligated to pay for the claim made against the insurance policy whereas the first party is liable for paying the insurance premium.

There is no such thing as "second-party bike insurance," nevertheless. The insurance provider is merely known as the third party.

What Is Third-Party Bike Insurance?

The owner or driver of a motor vehicle must get third-party insurance before operating the vehicle on public property. When an insured vehicle is involved, third-party insurance pays for any property damage or personal injury to third parties. According to the Motor Vehicles Act, failure to carry third-party insurance can result in a fine of up to Rs. 5000 or a prison sentence of up to 3 months, or both, for the owner or driver of the vehicle.

An agreement between the automobile owner and the insurance provider known as "third party car insurance" commits the insurer to pay the insured party back if the insured encounters any legal issues as a result of hurting the third party or ruining his property through no fault of his own. Third-party insurance protection is among the most well-known terms that many individuals who own vehicles are familiar with. Every car owner must have a certain sort of insurance, also referred to as TP Insurance. There may be some scepticism on the part of first-time buyers regarding the Third-party insurance's benefits, coverage, and exclusions.

What Is Covered In A Third-Party Bike Insurance?

You can ensure your peace of mind in cases of legal liability related to third-party damages by having a third-party bike insurance policy in place. 

  1. Protection against unintentional loss of life or injury to others
  2. Personal accident insurance and coverage for accidental damage to other people's property.

The Third Party Policy has the following list of exclusions.

  1. Harm to your vehicle
  2. Driving while not having insurance
  3. Breaking the law while driving

Difference between First-Party and Third-Party Bike Insurance

Navigating the jargon-infested waters of bike insurance can often seem like a daunting task. Among the fundamental concepts to grasp are the distinctions between first-party, second-party, and third-party in the realm of bike insurance. Here’s a table to simplify and clearly present the differences between First-Party and Third-Party Bike Insurance:


First-Party Insurance

Third-Party Insurance


Covers damages to your own bike

Covers damages to the third-party vehicle/person

Legal Liability

Does not cover legal liabilities

Covers legal liabilities towards third party

Natural Calamities

Covers damages due to natural calamities

Does not cover

Man-Made Disasters

Covers damages due to man-made disasters

Does not cover


Provides coverage against theft

Does not cover

Mandatory by Law

Not mandatory

Mandatory for all bike owners


Relatively higher premium

Relatively lower premium

Personal Accident Cover

Can include personal accident cover

Can include a personal accident cover

Policyholder Focus

Focuses on the policyholder’s bike

Focuses on protecting third-party interests


 Bike insurance is an agreement between the insured and the insurance provider under which the insurer agrees, in exchange for a small sum known as the "Premium," to cover the insured's losses caused by an insured danger present at the time of loss or damage. The insurance agreement is enforceable in court if either party breaches it and is effective for the duration specified in the policy document.

When purchasing bike insurance, it's crucial to understand the meanings of terminology like first-party, second-party, and third-party coverage in addition to looking at some key policy elements, such as cost and coverage. You can then use this information to better comprehend the policy paper and make wise decisions.


  1. Is first-party insurance for two-wheelers mandatory?


  No, India does not have a legislation requiring first-party insurance, commonly referred to as comprehensive insurance, for two-wheelers. Third-party insurance, however, is mandated by law. Although first-party insurance is not required, it is strongly advised because it provides more comprehensive coverage and shields your car from theft, natural catastrophes, and other harm.


  1. What is the other term for first-party bike insurance?


    First-party bike insurance is also frequently called "comprehensive bike insurance" because to its extensive coverage, which includes defence against theft, damage to your bike, and third-party liabilities.


  1. Can I buy only the first-party bike insurance and skip the third-party bike insurance?


   No, as third-party bike insurance is mandated by law in India, you cannot forgo it. Third-party liability coverage, however, is typically covered by first-party or comprehensive insurance, so you don't need to acquire it individually.


  1. What are the benefits of first-party bike insurance?


  First-party or comprehensive bike insurance offers several benefits such as:


   - Coverage for Your Bike: It covers damages caused to your bike due to natural or man-made calamities.

   - Theft Coverage: Provides coverage in case your bike is stolen.

   - Third-Party Liability: Includes mandatory third-party liability coverage protecting you against legal liabilities arising due to damages caused to a third party.

   - Personal Accident Cover: It often comes with a personal accident cover, protecting the owner-driver in case of an accident.

   - Flexibility in Add-Ons: It allows you to choose various add-ons like roadside assistance, zero depreciation, etc., for enhanced protection.


This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.

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