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Tyre Tread Designs And What They Mean

Published On Jan 17, 2021, Updated On Jan 18, 2021

The different types of tread designs on tyres are an important feature for the efficiency of your vehicle. Let’s read all about their significance and meaning.

The tread design on the tyres of your bike may seem innocuous to you, but in fact they serve some important functions and also have a lot of significance based on the design of the tread patterns. Not only do they make your bike more efficient, they also add traction between the tyre and the road. Tread patterns in the modern day are made of either synthetic or natural rubber, as well as fabric and wire, alongside carbon black and other chemical compounds. The rubber has grooves, which are intended to expel water from between the tyre and the road. The traction will depend upon the proportion of air space to rubber, owing to which the deeper the pattern, the higher traction. Similarly, the higher the traction, the higher the safety.

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Significance Of Tyre Tread Designs

The different types of tyre tread designs come in a variety of patterns. Based on the geometrical shapes of their grooves, they are categorised into different types. The grooves which run circumferentially on the tyre channel away water. Other parts of the tyre groove include lugs and voids. Lugs are in contact with the road surface whereas voids offer space between lugs, allowing them to flex. Valleys cut across perpendicular to the grooves are called sipes. Their purpose is to allow water from the grooves to escape to the sides.

Different Types Of Tread Designs And Their Meanings

  • Symmetrical Tread Design

These have a continuous design throughout the make. They are primarily used in tyres in cars, and function irrespective of rotational direction.

  • Asymmetrical Tread Design

In this type of pattern, both sides of the tyre tread are dissimilar in design. This gives better traction on flat roads, and also provides a better grip when turning the vehicle. For this purpose, the outer side has a broader pattern than the inner side.

  • Unidirectional Tread Design

This type of tread design is mostly used for high-speed vehicles, due to its efficiency. It has grooves that are V-shaped, enabling the tire to cut through resistance with ease while giving a better grip. It is fitted only in a specific direction.

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The different types of tread patterns are thus very significant. They all offer different types of advantages and are therefore suitable for different vehicles. The next time you notice a tyre tread design, you will be able to tell its significance.

Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.

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