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6 Communicable Diseases in India to Watch Out For

Published On Jul 17, 2023, Updated On Jul 25, 2023

In a densely populated country like India, communicable diseases can spread rapidly and pose a significant threat to public health. These diseases, caused by infectious agents, can be transmitted through various means, including direct contact, contaminated food or water, and airborne droplets.

As the nation faces various health challenges, it becomes imperative for individuals and families to be aware of these communicable diseases and take necessary precautions. In this comprehensive guide, we highlight six communicable diseases in India to watch out for, along with the importance of securing health insurance from InsuranceDekho to protect against these health risks.

Communicable diseases covered in health insurance

List of Communicable Diseases in India

Some of the communicable diseases in India are as listed below:

1. Tuberculosis (TB):

Tuberculosis continues to be a major public health concern in India. It is an airborne disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB primarily affects the lungs but can also spread to other parts of the body. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent its transmission. Health insurance plans from InsuranceDekho covers expenses related to TB diagnosis and treatment, including hospitalization and prescribed medications.

2. Dengue Fever:

Dengue fever, transmitted through the bite of infected mosquitoes, remains a prevalent disease in India, especially during the monsoon season. Symptoms may include high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and skin rashes. While there is no specific treatment for dengue, health insurance can provide financial assistance for hospitalization and medical care, ensuring timely and appropriate treatment.

3. Malaria:

Malaria, also transmitted through mosquito bites, poses a significant health risk in India, particularly in rural areas with poor sanitation and stagnant water. Symptoms include high fever, chills, and flu-like illness. You can buy health insurance plans to get coverage for the costs of malaria treatment, hospitalization, and even adopt preventive measures such as mosquito nets and repellents.

4. Hepatitis B:

Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver and is transmitted through contaminated blood, sexual contact, or from an infected mother to her child during childbirth. Vaccination is essential to prevent Hepatitis B, and health insurance plans often includes coverage for vaccinations and related medical expenses.

5. Typhoid Fever:

Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi and is typically contracted through contaminated food or water. Symptoms include high fever, headache, and stomach pain. Timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential to prevent complications. Health insurance can ease the financial burden of typhoid treatment, hospitalization, and diagnostic tests.

6. COVID-19:

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on global health, and India has not been an exception. The virus primarily spreads through respiratory droplets and close contact with infected individuals. Vaccination, proper hygiene, and adherence to government guidelines are essential in preventing the spread of COVID-19. Health insurance plans provide coverage for medical expenses related to COVID-19 treatment and hospitalization, providing much-needed financial support during these challenging times.

Importance of Health Insurance:

Given the rising incidence of communicable diseases, having comprehensive health insurance from InsuranceDekho is vital. Health insurance not only offers financial protection during medical emergencies but also encourages early diagnosis and timely treatment. With a wide range of health insurance plans tailored to meet diverse needs, InsuranceDekho ensures that you and your family receive the best possible healthcare without the added burden of medical expenses.


Being aware of the communicable diseases prevalent in India empowers individuals and families to take proactive steps in preventing their spread. By securing health insurance from InsuranceDekho, you can rest assured that you and your loved ones are protected against the financial implications of these diseases. Stay prepared, stay protected, and stay healthy with health insurance from InsuranceDekho.


This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.

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