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Black Fungus Vs White Fungus: Cause, Symptoms And Treatment

Published On Jun 01, 2021, Updated On Jul 04, 2021

The second wave of the COVID-19 in India has been a devastating phenomenon, causing far more damage than even the first one. Even as citizens continue to deal with it, there has been a new cause for worry in the form of the black fungus and more recently, the white fungus. These cause a severe fungal infection that can be fatal if left untreated. This is why it is important to take all necessary precautions and be alert to the funguses. 

Black Fungus

Black fungus, also known as mucormycosis, is a fungus that is commonly found in nature, in such things as rotten wood and soil. However, it is extremely rare in humans. It primarily affects the eye, causing blindness or the facial area and the nose. It can even affect the brain and the respiratory system. 

Symptoms of Black Fungus

These are some common symptoms of black fungus:

  • Breathlessness
  • Chest pain
  • One-sided facial pain and swelling
  • Toothache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sinus pain
  • Black bruising around the nasal area and the mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Coughing of blood
  • Amnesia
  • Mental fog


The black fungus can cause fatal infection if it is not treated at the right time and at the right time. The black fungus can be typically treated using the anti-fungal treatment and the drug, amphotericin-B. However, there has also been a recent shortage of the drug which is why other anti-fungal drugs are also being used by doctors.

White Fungus

White fungus is a lethal fungus that can affect various key parts of the body such as the lungs, brain and respiratory system. It is also known to commonly attack the digestive organs. It causes invasive candidiasis which is known to be fatal. The white fungus is not contagious.

Symptoms of White Fungus

It is crucial to get the right treatment for white fungus as soon as the infection sets in. This is why it is important to be alert to the white fungus. The following are some of the most common symptoms of white fungus:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhoea
  • Reduced oxygen levels
  • Coughing 
  • White bruising on the skin
  • Swelling


If you face any of the above symptoms, seek medical help immediately. The white fungus can be treated with anti-fungal drugs and treatment. However, it might be difficult to recover in the late stages of the infection.

Who All Are at Risk?

The back fungus and the white fungus are more dangerous for some people than the rest. Those who have a compromised immunological system, due to other prevailing conditions, are at a higher risk of contracting the infections, especially the white fungus. Diabetic patients and those individuals who have been receiving steroids for a prolonged time are also at risk of getting the black virus. Recovered COVID-19 patients, having received steroidal treatment, have been seen getting affected by the funguses. Moist conditions, expedited by the use of too humid oxygen during treatment, have also increased the infection in many. 


These are extremely trying times and the black and white fungus have just made things even more difficult for everyone. There has already been a rise in cases of black fungus and white fungus and even reports of a new fungus, the yellow fungus. It is very important to stay careful even while you receive treatment so that it cannot affect you adversely later on.

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Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.

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