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What are Some of the Investment Types You Can Consider?

Published On Sep 01, 2021 9:00 AM By InsuranceDekho

The future of investors depends on their investments which help them in bridging the gap between their aspirations and their reality. Growth-oriented investments and fixed-income investments are the two primary categories of investments. A growth-oriented investment option seeks to increase the value of the capital over time. On the other hand, a fixed-income investment option seeks to provide a consistent and occasionally rising stream of income that can be paid to investors or re-invested while attempting to maintain the investment's original value. Let's look at the various types of investments available under these two investment styles.

What are Some of the Investment Types You Can Consider?

Here is the list of investment opportunities that you can consider. 

  • Mutual Funds 

Mutual funds are financial products that pool money from a variety of individuals to invest in securities such as stocks (equities), bonds and other financial instruments. Mutual fund returns are determined by the performance of the fund's underlying assets in the market. Mutual funds can be purchased in two ways: a SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) or a lump amount. An investor can select from a variety of mutual funds based on their risk profile, investment horizon, and financial objectives. Growth or equities funds, liquid or money market funds, fixed-income or debt funds, hybrid or balanced funds, and index funds are the six main categories of mutual funds.

  • Stocks 

Stocks, often known as shares or equities, are one of the most popular growth investments. You become a part-owner of a publicly traded firm when you buy a share, and you stand to profit from it. Equity investments have a higher risk-to-reward ratio than most other types of investing.

  • Bonds 

A bond, also known as fixed-income securities, is a debt instrument that represents a loan made to a corporation or the government by an investor. When you buy a bond, you agree to give the bond issuer your capital in exchange for a fixed interest rate. Treasury bills, municipal bonds, corporate bonds, government securities, and other types of bonds are examples.

Must read: Top Investment Options With High Returns    

  • Real Estate 

Several industries, including hotel, retail, commercial housing, manufacturing, and others, see great potential in the real estate industry. To generate big returns on their investments, investors can invest in commercial or residential buildings, as well as real estate mutual funds. It's important to remember that real estate investments can be quite illiquid, which means it can be difficult to sell a home fast in the event of a financial emergency.

  • Insurance Plan

Insurance products are frequently included in financial plans.  Term insurance, whole life insurance, endowment plans, child plans, and other types of insurance are available. Whole Life insurance, for example, is designed to meet your expenditures as you age, whereas term insurance is designed to assist your dependents in the terrible event of your death.

  • Provident Funds 

Employee Provident Funds (EPFs) and Public Provident Funds (PPFs) make up a sizable portion of your retirement savings. A provident fund is a required, government-sponsored retirement programme that attempts to provide employees with a lump-sum payout when they leave or retire.

  • Bank Fixed Deposits (FDs)

Bank fixed deposits (FDs) are one of the most secure investment solutions accessible. They are offered by banks and other non-bank financial institutions (NBFIs) and allow investors to park their excess cash for a set period of time and at a predetermined rate of return. The interest rate is predetermined and unaffected by market movements, ensuring that the investments are more secure. Fixed deposits are a gift to risk-averse investors because of their ease of flexibility and the variety of options available to them.

Take Away

Depending on the sort of investment, the risk-to-reward ratio varies. Risk and return should not, however, be the only factors you consider when selecting financial products. Asset allocation, fees, past performance, liquidity, and other considerations should all be considered by an investor. Your portfolio should be aligned with your risk tolerance, investment goals, and time horizon as part of your investment planning.

Also read: Are Gold Investments Better Than SIPs?

Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.      

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