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How Is Premium Of An Endowment Policy Calculated?

Updated On Dec 16, 2021

After you've decided to obtain permanent insurance, the next step is to figure out what kind of coverage you want and how much you can afford to spend on premiums.

All of the following premiums will be included in your hypothetical illustration: planned, or target, premium, no-lapse guarantee premium, and modified endowment premium. All of the premiums listed below–along with some explanations–will be included in a hypothetical illustration you receive. To find them, you'll have to read through the diagram (since the ledgers in the illustration will be based on the planned premium).

How Is Premium Of An Endowment Policy Calculated?

Below are a few things you must know about how the premium of an endowment plan is calculated:

  • How Permanent Insurance Premiums Are Determined

An insurance company's illustration software is used to compute the premium for a life insurance policy. Your age, gender, health rating, the estimated rate of return, payment mechanism, additional riders, and whether the death benefit is level or growing all influence the premium amount. The premium can be significantly influenced by the length of the policy and the estimated non-guaranteed rate of return. Some policies are designed to endure until death or age 90, while others are designed to last until age 121.

  • Planned, Or Target Premium

The software has calculated the Planned (or Target) premium. It is determined by the variables entered into the computer by the insurance broker, including an expected rate of return. Because a larger non-guaranteed return leads to a smaller premium, the expected rate of return is crucial (and vice versa).

  • Premium With No-Lapse Guarantee

Even if the cash value decreases to zero during the no-lapse term, the assurer assures that coverage will continue. However, unless a much larger premium is paid after the guarantee term, the insurance could lapse. It can be as short as five years or as long as 121 years. Contracts with longer guarantee durations develop much less monetary value than contracts that use the target or another non-guaranteed payment in exchange for the guarantee.

The IRS-approved Guideline Premium and Cash Value Accumulation tests were created to assess a life insurance policy's tax treatment. A policy must have at least one guideline premium to pass the test.

  • The Premium For A Modified Endowment

The amount that qualifies an insurance policy as a Modified Endowment Contract is the Modified Endowment premium (MEC). Distributions from a policy determined to be a MEC, such as loans or cash surrenders, are potentially taxable and could be subject to an IRS 10% penalty tax under the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988. The death benefit, on the other hand, is tax-free. When the total premiums paid throughout the first seven years of the policy's existence exceed the seven pay test premium, the policy becomes a MEC. The seven-pay premium amount is calculated automatically by the illustration program.

These regulations were put in place by the IRS to assist prevent abuses that arise when assurers sell policies with a small quantity of insurance but a significant amount of tax-free cash value. The seven-pay amount varies according to your age and the type of policy you have.

  • Should You Pay Which Premium Amount?

How you design the coverage will determine the amount of premium you should pay.

Whole life insurance has a higher set premium and creates a significant cash value. Universal life plans with adjustable premiums and fixed interest rates of return are currently available. Variable universal life insurance, on the other hand, has the best risk-reward potential since the cash value can be invested in mutual fund sub-accounts.


The dual benefits of an endowment plan make it a popular life insurance product in India. Endowment plans, like Unit-Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs), give you the option of getting insurance and investing at the same time. However, there are several distinctions between ULIPs and endowment plans.

Also read: 

Why Smart Investors Choose Endowment Policy?

How Does An Endowment Policy Help In Wealth Appriciation?

Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.

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