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How Do ULIPs Work - Understand The Working Of A Unit Linked Insurance Plan!

Published On Feb 06, 2022 11:00 AM By InsuranceDekho

An insurance policy's principal objective is to financially safeguard your loved ones in the event of a calamity. You may select from a variety of plans according to your stage of life and needs, such as pure protection, savings, child education, retirement (wealth generation), and so on. One product that may be utilized as both an insurance and an investment is the Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP). The insurer gathers money from all policyholders and invests it in funds chosen by them. Once the money has been invested, the total corpus is split into 'units' having a certain face value. After then, the total amount deposited is split into 'Units' for each investor. The value of each unit at any given time is the Net Asset Value (NAV). The NAV measures the impact of changes in the underlying assets' value.

How Do ULIPs Work - Understand The Working Of A Unit Linked Insurance Plan!

What Are ULIPs and How Do They Work?

A few aspects of how ULIPs work are listed below:

  • Allocation of Assets

Some ULIPs allow you to move assets from one fund to another in a systematic manner, allowing you to manage both your current and future investments (based on your varying risk appetite). They also provide you the ability to actively manage your assets in order to get the most out of your money.

  • Switch

ULIPs allow you to change your existing investment from one fund type to another. This feature allows you to move all of your funds based on your market outlook and life stage. Determine how much insurance coverage you require before you begin your investment and insurance journey. The linked insurance products give no liquidity for the first five years of the contract.

  • Withdrawals of Parts

ULIPs have a characteristic that other insurance plans don't have: the opportunity to make partial withdrawals. A policyholder in a ULIP can withdraw a portion of the Fund Value for any reason without affecting the plan's continuance. This withdrawal can be made at any time after the first five years of the plan, and a limited number of withdrawals are free.

  • Top-ups

Top-up premiums are a feature of ULIPs that allows you to contribute to the plan in additional amounts. As a consequence, in addition to paying premiums, the policyholder can invest any excess cash in the plan and earn substantial returns.

  • Equity Investing Funds

Because these funds primarily engage in the stock market, they take a more aggressive approach to investing. These funds come with a high level of risk as well as a large return potential.

  • Debt Management Companies

Debt funds, on the other hand, take a cautious approach to invest. Because they invest in debt and bond markets, these funds are low-risk. As one might anticipate, the returns on these funds are cautious and modest.

  • Investments that are Well-Balanced

Investors who seek higher returns than debt funds but don't want to take on the high risk of equity funds might choose balanced funds. These funds are made up of a combination of equities and debt funds that invest cautiously. The risk is low, and the returns are decent; they are greater than debt funds but lower than equity funds.

  • Charges

Before being invested in the fund of your choosing, the premiums you pay will be subject to a variety of fees. Premium allocation charges, administration charges, fund management charges, mortality charges, and other charges are deducted yearly or monthly, depending on the charge type and policy conditions.

Take Away

ULIPs are private insurance products that combine the advantages of equity funds with income protection in one plan or product. Your insurance rates are changed to reflect the above-mentioned costs. After that, the net premium is invested in a mutual fund of your choosing (equity, debt, balanced, and so on).

You may also like to read - Should You Go For Endowment Plan Or ULIP?

Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.

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