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How An Endowment Plan Works - Explained!

Published On Sep 22, 2021

An endowment plan is a type of long-term insurance that provides both coverage and investment returns.
In an Endowment Plan, the premium must be paid for the duration of the insurance. The premium can be paid in the following ways:

  • In a single payment, as part of the Single Premium Payment Option
  • Short Premium Payment Option is available for a limited time.
  • Under the Regular Premium Payment Option, for the duration of the insurance.

The plan provides coverage for the duration of the policy, which means that if the Life Assured dies during the policy term, the Death Benefit is paid to the nominee and the policy is terminated. The Maturity Benefit is paid to the policyholder and the policy terminates if the Life assured survives until the end of the Policy Tenure.

Explanation Of Endowment Plan Works

Here are a few things to know about Endowment plans:

1. Guaranteed Additions

Guaranteed additions are those that are guaranteed and compensated for a specific amount of time. The rate is pre-determined and is based on the policy's sum assured.

2. Loyalty Enhancements

These are added to long-term endowment plans if the policyholder keeps the policy for at least 10 years. Loyalty increases are made only once and at a set pace. The rate is determined by the plan's sum assured.

3. Tax Benefit

Under section 80c and section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act, you can claim a tax exemption on premium payments, maturity, and final distributions.

4. Paid-up Value, Surrender Value, And Policy Loan Are Available

Endowment plans give you the choice of paying off the policy, relinquishing it, or taking out a policy loan. To receive these benefits, you must pay premiums for a set length of time. If the plan's premium-paying duration is up to ten years, the first two years' premiums are usually required. If the premium-paying period is 10 years or more, however, three full years of premiums are necessary to receive these advantages.

5. The Returns Are Not Adjusted For Inflation

Although endowment plans give the above-mentioned returns, which increase the plan's benefits, the returns are not adjusted for inflation. Because endowment plans are long-term investments, the final return provided at the end of the tenure may not be of significant actual value due to inflation.

6. Nature Of The Plan

Endowment plans are standard life insurance policies with guaranteed payouts. The plans are often offered for a period of 10 to 30 years and are long-term in nature.

7. Returns Provided

Endowment plans can be either participating or non-participating in terms of returns. Non-participating plans are ones that do not participate in bonus declarations and hence do not get a bonus.

8. Decision To Purchase

You may be wondering whether you should acquire an endowment plan now that you know what they are and what their key features are. The answer can be found in your specifications. You can purchase an endowment plan if you are a risk-averse investor wishing to build assured savings with life insurance coverage. If you require inflation-adjusted returns to help you grow your money, unit-linked plans are a better option because they provide market-linked returns. So, consider your risk profile and the return possibilities of endowment programs to see if they're right for you.


Because an endowment policy is similar to a life insurance policy in that it provides both insurance coverage and savings, the life assured can use their plans to save regularly over a certain length of time in order to get a lump-sum payment at maturity. The maturity amount is paid if the assured lives to the end of the policy's term. Unfortunately, if the life assured passes away during the policy's term, the sum assured amount, as well as any bonuses (if any), will be given to the policy's beneficiary. Finally, another advantage of an endowment policy is that it aids in the formation of a financial cushion for your future so that you can fulfill long-term financial obligations.

You may also liketo read - Common Exclusions Under An Endowment Plan

How Are Endowment Useful For Retirement Planning

Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.

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