Features, Benefits And Types Of Pension Plan
Published On Mar 19, 2022, Updated On Mar 20, 2022
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The main goal of a pension plan is to have a regular salary after retirement. Given the ever-increasing pace of inflation, it is more important than ever to invest in these programmes. Even if you have a lot of money in your bank account for investing, you may still need one. This is the case because investment funds are regularly used to satisfy unanticipated demands. As a result, even if all other sources of income cease to exist, the best pension plan will continue to sustain you.
Types Of Pension Plans
1. Deferred Annuity
A deferred pension scheme allows you to build up a corpus over the course of a policy term by paying recurrent premiums or a single premium. The insured receives a pension at the end of the policy term. The insured person receives a variety of benefits from the delayed pension plan. Furthermore, it provides the benefit of a tax exemption linked with the pension plan. Only 1/3rd of the corpus in a deferred pension plan is tax-free upon withdrawal, while the remaining 2/3rd is taxable. A deferred pension plan's investment is locked in and cannot be withdrawn in the event of an emergency.
A deferred pension plan can be purchased with a one-time deposit and recurring premium payments. As a result, these pension plans are suitable for a wide range of investors, including both those who want to participate gradually and those who have a substantial sum of money to invest all at once.
2. National Pension Scheme
In order to safeguard an individual's financial security after retirement, the Indian government developed the New Pension Scheme. Savings can be put into the New Pension Scheme by the policyholder. The money invested in the National Pension Scheme is divided between equities and debt funds to generate returns on investment, depending on the preferences of the investor. The policyholder can withdraw 60% of the money when he or she retires, with the remaining 40% going toward an annuity purchase. Taxes are not deducted from the maturity proceeds.
3. Immediate Annuity
The pension is provided immediately under an immediate annuity plan. The policyholder must pay a lump-sum amount, and the policyholder will get a pension immediately depending on the lump-sum amount paid. Under the immediate annuity pension programme, the insured can choose from a number of annuity options. Furthermore, according to the Income Tax Act of 1961, the premiums paid are tax-free. In an immediate annuity retirement plan, the policy's nominee is entitled to collect the money if the insured individual dies during the policy's term.
4. Defined Benefit
Defined benefit plans guarantee that you will pay a set amount from your retirement income for the rest of your life. It is determined based on the pension amount, which is calculated based on your wages as well as the number of years you have worked for the company. This simply means that you and your employer can both contribute to most plans. Your company is responsible for contributing to the plan and ensuring that there is enough money to cover all of the members' potential benefits. In the event that money is not available, it should be highlighted that the employer is responsible for the discrepancy.
5. Whole Life ULIPs
This type of pension plan invests the money for the insured's entire life, after which he or she can take partial withdrawals and get tax-free income. Extra withdrawals are permitted as needed.
Features And Benefits Of Retirement Pension Plans
1. Sum Assured
The sum assured is a predetermined amount that is paid to the insured during the policy's term. Under a cover pension plan, the sum assured amount is usually offered as a death or maturity benefit. Insurance companies determine the sum guaranteed amount in a variety of ways. The sum assured amount is defined by some pension schemes as 10 times the annual premium paid, while others may offer a sum assured equal to the fund value of the policy chosen by the policyholder. If no sum assured is specified, the plan is more akin to a pure pension plan than an insurance plan with a pension scheme.
2. Vesting Age
The age at which investors begin to earn a monthly pension is referred to as their retirement age. Most pension plans, for example, require you to be 45 or 50 years old to vest. Up to the age of 70, the vesting age in a pension scheme is adjustable. Some insurance providers, on the other hand, allow vesting ages of up to 90 years old.
3. Accumulation Period
Investors have the option of paying the premium in one big sum or at regular intervals. The premium is invested and accumulated at the same time over a lengthy period of time in order to build a financial buffer for the future. In a pension programme, the accumulation period is defined as the time between when you begin investing and when you stop.
4. Surrender Value
The surrender value of a pension plan is the amount an individual will get from an insurance company if they surrender the plan before it matures and have paid the requisite premiums. When an insured surrenders a pension plan, they forfeit all of the plan's benefits, including any life insurance coverage.
5. Payment Period
The payment period, as the name implies, refers to the time after retirement when the investor begins to receive payments. The accumulation phase of most pension plans is maintained distinct from the payment period. Some pension plans, on the other hand, allow for partial or complete withdrawals during the accumulating period.
One of the most essential benefits of retirement planning is that you will be able to have a stress-free retirement because you will not be reliant on anyone. You may maintain a comfortable lifestyle after retirement with appropriate retirement planning and investing in the right pension plan, and you can even fulfill unmet aspirations that you could not accomplish earlier in your life.
Also read- Best Investment Plans In India
Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature and should research further or consult an expert in this regard.